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The Hopi are a Native American nation who
primarily live on the approximately
2,500 square mile Hopi Reservation in northeastern
Arizona. The 2000 census population was 6,946 persons.
The name "Hopi" is a shortened form of "The People of Hopi," which
is how they
refer to themselves. Hopi is a concept deeply
rooted in the culture's religion, spirituality, and its view of
morality and ethics. To be Hopi is to strive toward this concept,
but no one ever achieves it in this life. This concept involves a
state of total reverence and respect for all things, to be at peace
with these things, and to live in accordance with the teachings of Maasaw, the Creator or Caretaker of Earth.
The traditional Hopi are organized into
matrilineal clans. When a man marries, the children from the
relationship are members of his wife's clan.
The Hopi, more than most Native American
peoples, practice and continue to practice most of their traditional
ceremonial culture. These ceremonies are centered around a religious
calendar and are observed in most of the villages within the Hopi
The Hopi are a
Pueblo People. Pueblo
Indians include a diverse group of Native American inhabitants of
Arizona who traditionally subsisted on agriculture. When first encountered
by the Spanish in the 1500s, they were living in villages that the
Pueblos, meaning "towns." Of the approximately
25 pueblos that exist today,
Acoma, Zuņi, and Hopi are the best known.
Kokopelli has been worshipped since at least the time of the Ancient Pueblo
Peoples. The first known images of him appear on pottery dated to
sometime between AD 750 and AD 850.
is a fertility deity and is
one of the most easily recognized figures
found in the petroglyphs and pictographs of the Southwest.
He is usually depicted as a humpbacked flute player. Like most
fertility deities, Kokopelli presides over both childbirth and
agriculture. He is also a trickster god and represents the spirit of